Kimberly Burnett

Co-Director of The Environmental Policy and Planning Group,
UHERO Research Economist and Specialist


University of Hawaii, Ph.D., Economics, May 2007

University of Hawaii, M.A., Economics, December 2004

Loyola University New Orleans, B.B.A, Economics, 1998

Research Interests

Invasive species management, watershed management, value of watershed conservation.

Kimberly joined UHERO in July 2008 as a Research Economist. Her primary research interests include environmental and natural resource economics, invasive species management, and watershed management, particularly for Hawaii and the Pacific. Kimberly’s publications and extramural grants have focused on invasive species and watershed management, groundwater management and the value of watershed conservation.

Selected Grants

2019 Maui Department of Water Supply: “Bioeconomic Models Prioritizing Mauka Catchment Basins of the East Maui Watershed for Protection Against Miconia Invasion,” (Principal Investigator)

2019 Hawaii Invasive Species Committee: “Building Research and Technology Capacity to Support Invasive Plant Species Management,” (Principal Investigator)

2018 Hau’oli Mau Loa: “Natural Resource Management Report Update,” (Principal Investigator)

2017 Hawaii Community Foundation “Spatial Analysis of Cost-Effective Watershed Restoration,” (Principal Investigator)

2017 Ulupono Initiative “Organizational Study of Water Management Networks and Processes in Hawaii,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2017 The Nature Conservancy “Economic Valuation of The Nature Conservancy’s Watershed Conservation in the East Maui Watershed,” (Principal Investigator)

2016 National Science Foundation IKE-IMUA EPSCoR Track-1 “Ike Wai: Securing Hawaii’s Water Future,” (Senior Personnel)

2016 Honolulu Board of Water Supply “Economic Analysis of Water Resource Impact of Red Hill Fuel Tanks,” (Principal Investigator)

2016 Hawaii Invasive Species Committee “Science and Technology Based Management of Incipient Miconia (Miconia calvescens DC) Utilizing Herbicide Ballistic Technology (HBT)” (co-Principal Investigator)

2015 National Science Foundation Food Energy Water Program, Supplement to: “Understanding the links between local ecological knowledge, ecosystem services, and resilience to climate change in Pacific Islands,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2015 The Nature Conservancy “Watershed Conservation Return on Investment Analysis,” (Principal Investigator)

2015 Hawaii Invasive Species Committee: “Assessing the Costs of Invasive Species in Hawaii,” (Principal Investigator)

2015 Water Resources Research Center: “Towards an Understanding of Residential Water Conservation Behaviors on Oahu,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2015 SeaGrant “Predicting Hawaii Water Demand under Climate Change” (co-Principal Investigator)

2015 Hawaii Strategic Development Corporation “Evolution of the HI Growth Initiative” (Principal Investigator)

2015 University of Hawaii Student Services “An Assessment of Student Expenditures” (Principal Investigator)

2014 National Science Foundation Coastal SEES Program: “Understanding the links between local ecological knowledge, ecosystem services, and resilience to climate change in Pacific Islands,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2014 Hawaii Community Foundation: “Returns on Watershed Conservation,” (Principal Investigator) 2014 Hawaii Community Foundation: “Green Plumbing Code Benefit-Cost Analysis,” (Principal Investigator)

2014 Hau’oli Mau Loa: “Natural Resource Management Report Update,” (Principal Investigator)

2013 University of Hawaii at Manoa College of Social Sciences Research Support Award: “Developing a Decision Support System for Land Use and Water Management under a Changing Climate,” (Principal Investigator)

2013 Research Institute for Humanity and Nature: “Human-Environmental Security in Asia-Pacific Ring of Fire: Water-Energy-Food Nexus,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2012 State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism: “Scoping the Value of the Special Management Area Permit and Shoreline Setback Variance for the Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Program,” (co-Principal Investigator)

2012 United States Geological Survey: “Satisfying Growing Water Demand Through Integrated Groundwater and Watershed Management,” (Principal Investigator)

2011 Nature Conservancy and Hau’oli Mau Loa: “Hawaii’s Green Growth Initiative,” (Principal Investigator)

2011 SeaGrant Hawaii and Kyo-ya Co. Ltd.: “Indicators for Sustainable Coastal Tourism in Hawaii,” (Principal Investigator)

2010 United States Fish and Wildlife Service: “Estimating the Cost of Rodent Control in Hawaii,” (Principal Investigator)

2010 United States Geological Survey: “Evaluating Policy Options to Reduce the Risk of New Strains of Ohia Rust in Hawaii,” (Principal Investigator)

2009 Kamehameha Schools: “Assessing Affordable Housing Policies for Hawaii” (Principal Investigator)

2009 County of Kauai: “Kauai Important Agricultural Lands Study,” (Principal Investigator)

2009 National Science Foundation: “Ecosystem Function: Natural, Anthropogenic, and Invasive Species Contributions to Biogeochemical Evolution of Groundwaters and Coastal Environments of West Hawaii,” (Principal Investigator)

2009 Save the Waves Coalition: “Wave Valuation Study,” (Co-Investigator)

2008 University of Hawaii at Manoa: “Economic Impact of the University of Hawaii at Manoa,” (Principal Investigator)

2008 Department of Land and Natural Resource / Hawaii Invasive Species Council Award: “Ecological, Hydrological, and Economic Impacts of Miconia in Hawaii,” (Co-Investigator).

Selected Publications

Engels J.L., S. Watson, H. Dulai, K.M. Burnett, C.A. Wada, A. Aga, N. DeMaagd, J. McHugh, B. Sumida, L.L. Bremer. 2020. Collaborative research to support urban agriculture in the face of change: The case of the Sumida watercress farm on O‘ahu. PLOS ONE 15(7): e0235661.

Burnett, K.M., A. S. Elshall, C.A. Wada, A. Arik, A. El-Kadi, C. I. Voss, J. Delevaux, and L. L. Bremer. 2020. Incorporating historical spring discharge protection into sustainable groundwater management: A case study from Pearl Harbor Aquifer, Hawai‘i. Frontiers in Water,

Bremer, L.L., N. DeMaagd, C.A. Wada, K.M. Burnett. 2020. Identifying priority watershed management areas for groundwater recharge for drinking water on Hawai’i Island. Journal of Environmental Management, under review.

Lewis, D., C.A. Wada, K.M. Burnett, J. Leary, B. Mahnken. 2020. Evaluating Protection Strategies for an Invasive Plant Species: Miconia calvescens. In: Invasive Alien Species, eds: T.Pullaiah and M.Ielmini, Wiley International, in press.

Pongkijvorasin, S., C.A., Wada, and K.M. Burnett. 2020. Optimal multi-instrument management of interrelated resources and a groundwater dependent ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Management, 269,

Wada, C. A., Pongkijvorasin, S. and K.M. Burnett. 2020. Mountain-to-sea ecological-resource management: forested watersheds, coastal aquifers, and groundwater dependent ecosystems. Resource and Energy Economics.

Elshall, A.S., A.D, Arik El-Kadi A., S. Pierce. M. Ye, K.M. Burnett, C.A. Wada, L.L. Bremer, and Chun G. 2020. Sustainable Groundwater Yield: A Review of the Interactions Between Science and Policy. Environment Research Letters

Taniguchi, M., H Dulai, K.M. Burnett, I.R. Santos, R. Sugimoto, T. Stieglitz, G. Kim, N. Moosdorf, and W.C. Burnett. 2019. Submarine Groundwater Discharge: Updates on Its Measurement Techniques, Geophysical Drivers, Magnitudes, and Effects. Front. Environ. Sci. 7:141. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00141.

Burnett, K.M., Ticktin, T., Bremer, L. Quazi, S. Geslani, C. Wada, C. Kurashima, N. Mandle, L. Pascua, P., Depraetere T., Wolkis, D., Edmonds, M., Giambelluca, T., Falinski, K., and Winter K. 2019. Restoring to the Future: Environmental, Cultural, and Management Tradeoffs in Historical versus Hybrid Restoration of a Highly Modified Ecosystem. Conservation Letters, e12606.

Bremer, L.L., C.A. Wada, S. Medoff, J. Page, K. Falinski, and K.M. Burnett. 2019. Contributions of native forest protection to local water supplies in East Maui. Science for the Total Environment, 688, 1422-1432,

Taniguchi, M. K.M. Burnett, J. Shimada, T. Hosono, C.A. Wada, and K. Ide. 2019. Recovery of lost nexus synergy via payment for environmental services in Kumamoto, Japan. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00028.

Delevaux, J.M.S., K. A. Stamoulis, R. Whittier, S. D. Jupiter, L.L. Bremer, A. Friedlander, N. Kurashima, J. Giddens, K. B. Winter, M. Blaich-Vaughan, K.M. Burnett, C. Geslani, and T. Ticktin. 2019. Place-based management can reduce human impacts on coral reefs in a changing climate. Ecological Applications, 29(4).

Burnett, K.M., C.A. Wada, M. Taniguchi, R. Sugimoto, and D. Tahara. 2018. Evaluating the Tradeoffs between Groundwater Pumping for Snow-Melting and Nearshore Fishery Productivity in Obama City, Japan. Water, 10, doi:10.3390/w10111556.

Burnett, K.M. and C.A. Wada. 2018. Accounting for Externalities in the Water Energy Food Nexus. In: Endo, A., Oh, T. (Eds.), The Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Human-Environmental Security in the Asia-Pacific Ring of Fire, Chapter 18, Springer, pp.261-272.

Pongkijvorasin, S. K.M. Burnett, and C.A. Wada. 2018. Joint Management of an Interconnected Coastal Aquifer and Invasive Tree, Ecological Economics, 146, 125-135.

Bremer, L.L., L. Mandle, C. Trauernicht, P. Pascua, H.L. McMillen, K.M. Burnett, C. A. Wada, N. Kurashima, S.A. Quazi, T. Giambelluca, P. Chock and T. Ticktin. 2018. Bringing Multiple Values to the Table: Assessing Future Land-use and Climate Change in North Kona, Hawaii. Ecology and Society 23 (1):33.

Leary J, B. Mahnken, C.A. Wada and K.M. Burnett. 2018. Interpreting life-history traits of miconia (Miconia calvescens) through management over space and time in the East Maui Watershed, Hawaii (USA). Invasive Plant Science and Management 11:191–200. doi: 10.1017/inp.2018.26.

Bremer, L.L. K. Falinski, C. Ching, C.A. Wada, K.M. Burnett, K. Kukea-Shultz, N. Reppun, G. Chun, K.L. Oleson, and T. Ticktin. 2018. Biocultural Restoration of Traditional Agriculture: Cultural, Environmental, and Economic Outcomes of Lo‘i Kalo Restoration in He‘eia, O‘ahu. Sustainability, 10, 4502.

Delevaux, J.M.S., K. Winter, M. Vaughan, S. Jupiter, K. A. Stamoulis, L. L. Bremer, K.M. Burnett, P. Garrod, J. L. Troller, and T. Ticktin. 2018. Linking land and sea through collaborative research to inform contemporary applications of Traditional Resource Management in Hawaii. Sustainability, 10(9): 3147.

Delevaux, J.M.S., R. Whittier, K.A. Stamoulis, L. Bremer, S. Jupiter, A. Friedlander, M. Poti, G. Guannel, N. Kurashima, K. Winter, R. Toonen, E. Conklin, C. Wiggins, A. Knudby, W. Goodell, K.M. Burnett, S. Yee, Hla Htun, K. Oleson, and T. Wiegner, T., Ticktin. 2018. A Linked Land-Sea Modeling Framework to Inform Ridge-to-Reef Management in High Oceanic Islands, PLoS ONE, 13(3): e0193230.>

Burnett, K.M., C.A. Wada, A. Balderston. 2017. Benefit-Cost Analysis of Watershed Conservation on Hawaii Island. Ecological Economics 131, 262-274.

Wada, C.A., L. Bremer, K.M. Burnett, C. Trauernicht, T. Giambelluca, L. Mandle, E. Parsons, C. Weil, N. Kurashima, T. Ticktin. 2017. Estimating the Cost-Effectiveness of Hawaiian Dry Forest Restoration Using Spatial Changes in Water Yield and Landscape Flammability under Climate Change. Pacific Science 71(4), 401-424.

Kim, K., K.M.  Burnett and J. Ghimire. 2017. Integrating Fast Feedback and GIS to Plan for Important Agricultural Land Designations in Kauai County, Hawaii. Journal of Land Use Science, 12(5): 375-390.

Burnett, K.M., C.A. Wada, A. Endo, and M. Taniguchi. 2017. The Economic Value of Groundwater in Obama. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 11: 44-52. doi:10.1016/j.ejrh.2015.10.002

Endo, A., I. Tsurita, K.M.  Burnett, P. Orencio. 2017. A Review of the Current State of Research on the Water, Energy, and Food Nexus. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 11:20-30, doi:10.1016/j.ejrh.2015.11.010

Burnett, K.M., C.A. Wada, A.  Endo, and M. Taniguchi. 2016. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Disaster Mitigation Infrastructure: The Case of Seawalls in Otsuchi, Japan. Journal of Finance and Economics, 4(3), 1-11.

Wada, C.A., K.M. Burnett, and J. Gurdak. 2016. Sustainable Agriculture Irrigation Management: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Pajaro Valley, California, Sustainable Agriculture Research, 5(3), 76-83,

Taniguchi, M. N. Masuhara, and K.M. Burnett. 2016. Water, Energy, and Food Security in the Asia Pacific Region. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 11: 9-19. doi:10.1016/j.ejrh.2015.11.005 

Kim, K., K.M. Burnett and J. Ghimire. 2015. Assessing the Potential for Food and Energy Self-sufficiency on the Island of Kauai, Hawaii. Food Policy, 54, 44-51. doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2015.04.009

Burnett, K.M., S. Pongkijvorasin, J.  Roumasset, C.A. Wada. 2015. Integrated Management of Water Resources: Watersheds, Wetlands, Groundwater Stocks, and Coastal Ecology. In: Handbook of Water Economics, A. Dinar and K. Schwabe (Eds.), Chapter 9, Edward Elgar.

Endo, A., K.M. Burnett, P. Orencio, T. Kumazawa, C.A. Wada, A. Ishii, I. Tsurita, and M. Taniguchi. 2015. Methods of the Water-Energy-Food nexus. Water 7, 5806-5830. doi:10.3390/w7105806

Henly-Shepard, S. C. Anderson, K.M. Burnett, L. Cox, J. N. Kittinger, and M. Ka’aumoana. 2015. Quantifying Household Social Resilience: A Place-based Approach in a Rapidly Transforming Community. Natural Hazards 75(1), 343-363.

Burnett, K.M., J. Roumasset, and C.A. Wada. 2015. Optimal Joint Management of Interdependent Resources: Groundwater Versus Kiawe (Prosopis pallida). In A. Balisacan, U. Chakravorty and M. Ravago (Eds.), Sustainable Economic Development: Resources, Environment and Institutions, Chapter 6, Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-800347-3.00006-6

Burnett, K.M., R. Howitt, J. Roumasset and C.A. Wada, eds. 2014. Handbook of Water Economics and Institutions, Routledge.

Burnett, K.M., J. Roumasset, and C.A. Wada. 2014. The Good, Bad, and Ugly of Watershed Management, in Handbook of Water Economics and Institutions K. Burnett, R. Howitt, J. Roumasset and C. Wada, eds; Routledge, 100-110.

Burnett, K.M., and C.A. Wada. 2014. Optimal Groundwater Management when Recharge is Declining: A Method for Valuing the Recharge Benefits of Watershed Conservation, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 16 (3), 263-278. doi:10.1007/s10018-014-0077-y

Burnett, K.M., L. Endress, M-L. Ravago, J. Roumasset, C.A. Wada. 2014. Islands of Sustainability in Time and Space. International Journal of Sustainable Society 6(1/2), 9-27.

Burnett, K.M., J. Roumasset, and C.A. Wada. 2012. Multi-instrument Pollution Abatement from Multiple Sources: The Case of Nitrogen Pollution in Groundwater. Journal of Sustainable Watershed Science and Management, 1(3): 76–83. doi:10.5147/jswsm.2012.0088

Burnett, K.M., S. D’Evelyn, L. Loope, and C.A. Wada. 2012. An Economic Approach to Assessing Import Policies Designed to Prevent the Arrival of Invasive Species: The Case of Puccinia psidii in Hawai‘i. Environmental Science & Policy 19-20: 158-168.

Burnett, K.M., S. Pongkijvorasin, and J. Roumasset. 2012. Species Invasion as Catastrophe: The Case of the Brown Tree Snake. Environmental and Resource Economics 51(2): 241-254.

Burnett, K.M., S. D’Evelyn, L. Loope, and C.A. Wada. 2012. Economic Analysis of the Proposed Rule to Prevent Arrival of New Genetic Strains of the Rust Fungus Puccinia psidii in Hawai‘i. Technical Report No. 177. The Hawai‘i-Pacific Islands Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit & Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, Hawai‘i. 50 pp.

Duarte, T. K., S. Pongkijvorasin, J. Roumasset, D. Amato, and K.M. Burnett. 2010, Optimal Management of a Hawaiian Coastal Aquifer with Nearshore Marine Ecological Interactions, Water Resources Research 46, W11545, doi:10.1029/2010WR009094.

Kaiser, B. and K.M. Burnett. 2010. Spatial Economic Analysis of Early Detection and Rapid Response Strategies for an Invasive Species. Resource and Energy Economics, 32(4): 566-585.

Pongkijvorasin, S., J. Roumasset, T. Duarte, and K.M. Burnett. 2010. Renewable Resource Management with Stock Externalities: Coastal Aquifers and Submarine Groundwater Discharge. Resource and Energy Economics 32(3): 277-291.

Roumasset J., K.M. Burnett, and A.M. Balisacan (eds.) 2010. Sustainability Science for Watershed Landscapes.  Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies; Los Banos, Philippines: Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture.

D’Evelyn, S, N. Tarui, K.M. Burnett, and J. Roumasset. 2008. Uncertain Populations and the Value of Information. Journal of Environmental Management 89(4): 284-292.

Burnett, K.M, S. D’Evelyn, B. Kaiser, P. Nantamanasikarn and J. Roumasset. 2008. Beyond the Lamppost: Optimal Prevention and Control of the Brown Tree Snake in Hawaii, Ecological Economics 67: 66-74.

Roumasset, J., K.M. Burnett, and H. Wang. 2008. Environmental Resources and Economic Growth, in China’s Economic Transition: Origins, Mechanism, and Consequences Brandt, L and T Rawski, eds. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Kasier, B., B. Pitafi, J. Roumasset, and K.M. Burnett. 2008. The Economic Value of Watershed Conservation, in Land Management Impacts on Coastal Watershed Hydrology A. Fares and A. El-Kadi, eds. Southampton, U.K: WIT Press.

Burnett, K.M., B. Kaiser and J. Roumasset. 2007. Economic Lessons from Control Efforts for an Invasive Species: Miconia calvescens in Hawaii, Journal of Forest Economics 13 (2-3): 151-167.

Burnett, K.M., B. Kaiser and J. Roumasset. 2007. Invasive Species Control over Space and Time: Miconia calvescens on Oahu, Hawaii. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 39: 125-132.

Burnett, K.M. 2006. Introduction of Invasive Species: Failure of the Weaker Link. Agricultural Resource Economics Review 35(1): 21-28.

Burnett, K.M., B. Kaiser, B. Pitafi, and J. Roumasset. 2006. Prevention, Eradication, and Containment of Invasive Species: Illustrations from Hawaii. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 35(1): 63-77.

Kaiser, B. and K.M. Burnett. 2006. Economic Impacts of E. Coqui Frogs in Hawaii Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 8(2) 1-11.

Kaiser, B., K.M. Burnett, and J. Roumasset.  2006. Control of Invasive Species: Lessons from Miconia in Hawaii. 15th Australian Weeds Conference: Papers and Proceedings, Adelaide, South Australia. Council of Australian Weeds societies, C. Preston, J.H. Watts, and ND Crossman,  eds. pp 663-667.

Levin, P., R. Cowie, C. Ferguson, J. Taylor, K. Hayes, K.M. Burnett, and C. Tran. 2006. Apple Snail Invasions and the Slow Road to Control: Ecological, Economic, Agricultural and Cultural Perspectives in Hawaii, in Global Advances in Ecology and Management of Golden Apple Snails (ed. R.C. Joshi). Philippine Rice Research Institute, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija.

Hawaii Island Watereshed Protection and Groundwater recharge

Publication: Priority watershed management areas for groundwater recharge and drinking water protection: A case study from Hawai‘i Island

Targeted investment in native forest protection and restoration translates into groundwater recharge and drinking water benefits on Hawaiʻi Island. UHERO Environmental Policy and Planning Group’s …

Photo of 'Ohi'a from unsplash

Economic benefits of hydrologic services from watershed protection and restoration

Watershed protection and restoration provide a range of benefits including clean and ample water supplies, biodiversity, cultural connection to place, carbon sequestration, and a suite …

Sumida farm

Incorporating Historical Spring Discharge Protection into Sustainable Groundwater Management: A Case Study from Pearl Harbor Aquifer, Hawai‘i

By Kimberly Burnett, Ahmed Elshall, Christopher Wada, Aida Arik, Aly El-Kadi, Clifford Voss, Jade Delevaux, and Leah Bremer The value of considering a range of …

Assessing the impact of COVID-19 on global fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions

Nori Tarui


We assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on global fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions over the two-year horizon 2020Q1-2021Q4. We apply a global vector autoregressive (GVAR) model, which captures complex spatial-temporal interdependencies across countries associated with the international propagation of economic impact due to the virus spread. The model makes use of a unique quarterly data set of coal, natural gas, and oil consumption, output, exchange rates and equity prices, including global fossil fuel prices for 32 major CO2 emitting countries in 1984-2019. We produce forecasts of coal, natural gas and oil consumption, conditional on GDP growth scenarios based on alternative IMF World Economic Outlook forecasts that were made before and after the outbreak. We also simulate the effect of a relative price change in fossil fuels, due to global scale carbon pricing, on consumption and output. Our results predict fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions to return to their pre-crisis levels, and even exceed them, within the two-year horizon despite the large reductions in the first quarter following the outbreak. Our forecasts anticipate more robust growth for emerging than for advanced economies. The model predicts recovery to the pre-crisis levels even if another wave of pandemic occurs within a year. Our counterfactual carbon pricing scenario indicates that an increase in coal prices is expected to have a smaller impact on GDP than on fossil fuel consumption. Thus, the COVID-19 pandemic would not provide countries with a strong reason to delay climate change mitigation efforts.